Positive Subsumption in Fuzzy EL with General t-Norms / 789
Stefan Borgwardt, Rafael Peñaloza

The Description Logic EL is used to formulate several large biomedical ontologies. Fuzzy extensions of EL can express the vagueness inherent in many biomedical concepts. We study the reasoning problem of deciding positive subsumption in fuzzy EL with semantics based on general t-norms. We show that the complexity of this problem depends on the specific t-norm chosen. More precisely, if the t-norm has zero divisors, then the problem is co-NP-hard; otherwise, it can be decided in polynomial time. We also show that the best subsumption degree cannot be computed in polynomial time if the t-norm contains the Łukasiewicz t-norm.