First-Order Rewritability of Atomic Queries in Horn Description Logics / 754
Meghyn Bienvenu, Carsten Lutz, Frank Wolter

One of the most advanced approaches to querying data in the presence of ontologies is to make use of relational database systems, rewriting the original query and the ontology into a new query that is formulated in SQL or, equivalently, in first-order logic (FO). For ontologies written in many standard description logics (DLs), however, such FO-rewritings are not guaranteed to exist. We study FO-rewritings and their existence for a basic class of queries and for ontologies formulated in Horn DLs such as Horn-SHI and EL. Our results include characterizations of the existence of FO-rewritings, tight complexity bounds for deciding whether an FO-rewriting exists (ExpTime and PSpace), and tight bounds on the (worst-case) size of FO-rewritings, when presented as a union of conjunctive queries.