Bayesian Abductive Logic Programs: A Probabilistic Logic for Abductive Reasoning

Sindhu V. Raghavan

In this proposal, we introduce Bayesian Abductive Logic Programs (BALP), a probabilistic logic that adapts Bayesian Logic Programs (BLPs) for abductive reasoning. Like BLPs, BALPs also combine first-order logic and Bayes nets. However, unlike BLPs, which use deduction to construct Bayes nets, BALPs employ logical abduction. As a result, BALPs are more suited for problems like plan/activity recognition that require abductive reasoning. In order to demonstrate the efficacy of BALPs, we apply it to two abductive reasoning tasks — plan recognition and natural language understanding.