Description Logic TBoxes: Model-Theoretic Characterizations and Rewritability
Carsten Lutz, Robert Piro, Frank Wolter
We characterize the expressive power of description logic (DL) TBoxes, both for expressive DLs such as ALC and ALCQIO and lightweight DLs such as DL-Lite and EL. Our characterizations are relative to first-order logic, based on a wide range of semantic notions such as bisimulation, equisimulation, disjoint union, and direct product. We exemplify the use of the characterizations by a first study of the following novel family of decision problems: given a TBox T formulated in one DL, decide whether T can be equivalently rewritten as a TBox in der fragment L' of L.